3. Installation

3.1. Requirement

Mandatory requirements

In addition to the above requirements, users have to get and install a first-principles package (such as VASP, QUANTUM-ESPRESSO, OpenMX, or xTAPP) or another force field package (such as LAMMPS) by themselves in order to compute harmonic and anharmonic force constants.

Optional requirements

  • Python (> 2.6), Numpy, and Matplotlib
  • XcrySDen or VMD

We provide some small scripts written in Python for visualizing phonon dispersion relations, phonon DOSs, etc. To use these scripts, one need to install the above Python packages. Additionally, XcrySDen is necessary to visualize the normal mode directions and animate the normal mode. VMD may be more useful to make an animation, but it may be replaced by any other visualization software which supports the XYZ format.

3.2. How to install

Here, we do not explain how to install a C++ compiler, LAPACK, MPI, and FFTW libraries because they are usually available on supercomputing systems.

Boost C++ and Eigen3 libraries (header files only)

Some header files of Boost C++ and Eigen3 libraries are necessary to build ALAMODE binaries. Here, we install header files of these libraries in $(HOME)/include. You can skip this part if these libraries are already installed on your system.

To install the Boost C++ library, please download a source file from the webpage and unpack the file. Then, copy the ‘boost’ subdirectory to $(HOME)/include. This can be done as follows:

$ cd
$ mkdir etc; cd etc
(Download a source file and mv it to ~/etc)
$ tar xvf boost_x_yy_z.tar.bz2
$ cd ../
$ mkdir include; cd include
$ ln -s ../etc/boost_x_yy_z/boost .

In this example, we place the boost files in $(HOME)/etc and create a symbolic link to the $(HOME)/boost_x_yy_z/boost in $(HOME)/include. Instead of installing from source, you can install the Boost library with Homebrew on Mac OSX.

In the same way, please install the Eigen3 include files as follows:

$ cd
$ mkdir etc; cd etc
(Download a source file and mv it to ~/etc)
$ tar xvf eigen-eigen-*.tar.bz2 (* is an array of letters and digits)
$ cd ../
$ cd include
$ ln -s ../etc/eigen-eigen-*/Eigen .

If you have followed the instruction, you will see the following results:

$ pwd
$ ls -l
total 0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 tadano sim00 25 May 17  2017 boost -> ../etc/boost_1_64_0/boost
lrwxrwxrwx 1 tadano sim00 38 May 17  2017 Eigen -> ../etc/eigen-eigen-67e894c6cd8f/Eigen/


ALAMODE uses spglib to handle symmetries of crystal structures. Please install it by following the instruction on the spglib webpage. Here, we assume spglib is installed in $(SPGLIB_ROOT).

Download ALAMODE source

From the download page:

$ (visit https://sourceforge.net/projects/alamode/files/latest/download?source=files to download the latest version source)
$ tar xvzf alamode-x.y.z.tar.gz
$ cd alamode-x.y.z

From GitHub repository:

$ git clone https://github.com/ttadano/alamode.git
$ cd alamode
$ git checkout master

The meaning of each subdirectory is as follows:

  • alm/ : Source files of alm (force constant calculator)
  • anphon/ : Source files of anphon (anharmonic phonon calculator)
  • external/ : Third-party include files
  • include/ : Commonly-used include files
  • tools/ : Small auxiliary programs and scripts
  • docs/ : Source files for making documents
  • example/ : Example files

Build ALAMODE by Makefile

ALAMODE contains two major codes, alm and anphon, and other small utility scripts. In directories alm/, anphon/, and tools, we provide sample Makefiles for Linux (Intel compiler) and Mac OSX (gcc, clang). Please copy either of them, edit the options appropriately, and issue make command as follows:

$ cd alm/
$ cp Makefile.linux Makefile
(Edit Makefile here)
$ make -j

$ cd ../anphon/
$ cp Makefile.linux Makefile
(Edit Makefile here)
$ make -j

$ cd ../tools/
(Edit Makefile here)
$ make -j

An example of the Makefiles is shown below:

ALM Makefile.linux
CXX = icpc 
CXXFLAGS = -O2 -xHOST -qopenmp -std=c++11
INCLUDE = -I../include -I$(HOME)/include -I$(SPGLIB_ROOT)/include

LDFLAGS = -mkl -L$(SPGLIB_ROOT)/lib -lsymspg


The default options are expected to work with modern Intel compilers.


To build the binaries with the example Makefiles, you need to set SPGLIB_ROOT beforehand from the terminal as:

$ export SPGLIB_ROOT=/path/to/spglib/installdir

Edit LD_LIBRARY_PATH in bashrc

Finally, add the following line in $(HOME)/.bashrc (or .zshrc etc.):

(bash, zsh)
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/path/to/spglib/installdir/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH

(csh, tcsh)
setenv LD_LIBRARY_PATH /path/to/spglib/installdir/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH

This is necessary when you link spglib dynamically.